October 19, 2014

Strategic Focus

July 2009 to July 2012

1. To engage in and facilitate collaboration between government, NGOs, industry and public


(A) To support the State-mandated Borneo Rhino Sanctuary (BRS) Steering Committee chaired by the Permanent Secretary to the Ministry of Tourism, Culture & Environment in the implementation of the State’s Rhino Rescue Programme 

(B) Board members of BORA to participate as active members of the State-mandated Borneo Rhino Sanctuary Technical Committee chaired by the Director of Sabah Wildlife Department, reporting to the Borneo Rhino Sanctuary Steering Committee


(C) To engage and collaborate locally, nationally, regionally and internationally with relevant and strategic partners engaged in rhino science and conservation


(D) To engage with industry and public to build support for rhino conservation

2. To provide leadership in management and operational capacity building


(A) To build management and operational capacity and infrastructure as required by needs on the ground and as established in collaboration with 1(A) and 1(B) 

(B) To report to and inform Borneo Rhino Sanctuary Technical Committee


(C) To build capacity as needed in the areas of skill, staff, financial resources and infrastructure

3. To ensure that all rhinos in at Tabin Wildlife Reserve are protected from deliberate and accidental harm and killing (A) To sustain rhino protection units (RPUs) at Tabin Wildlife Reserve(B) To secure active support for rhino protection from the owners and managers of plantations surrounding Tabin Wildlife Reserve


(C) To collaborate with governmental authorities in monitoring and protection of Tabin Wildlife Reserve and its rhinos


(D) To engage with people living around Tabin Wildlife Reserve in obtaining information and support in relation to protection of rhinos

4. To plan and construct the Borneo Rhino Sanctuary (BRS) infrastructure


(A) To improve and increase the capacity of living quarters for staff already living at Tabin and those to be recruited soon:(i) Renovate or rebuild BORA operations manager house – by September 2009;

(ii) Renovate BORA RPU quarters – by October 2009;

(iii) Renovate or rebuild BORA site manager & veterinarian house.

(B) To plan and secure formal approval for the long-term capacity, locations and designs of staff accommodation at Tabin, as well as improvements to water and electricity supplies. Particular attention to construction of a reliable, clean water supply for staff and rhinos held in interim facilities:

(i) Prepare plan for development of buildings & utilities at Tabin HQ site – by October 2009;

(ii) Approve development plan for Tabin HQ site – by October 2009;

(iii) Construct reliable permanent water supply system;

(iv) Construct housing for all other BRS staff;

(v) Renovate existing buildings at Tabin HQ;

(vi) Put in place other infrastructure-related conditions (grey water disposal, solid garbage disposal, landscaping, upgrading of local roads and vehicle parking sites).

(C) To construct at least one additional interim rhino paddock, possible more according to need


(D) To build the BRS perimeter road, ensuring good quality construction and appropriate design and construction of river and stream crossings


(E) To build the BRS electrified perimeter fence

5. To locate, capture and translocate isolated rhinos into the Borneo Rhino Sanctuary


(A) To discuss, decide and justify targeted areas of capture of rhinos amongst stakeholders, particularly Sabah Wildlife Department, Sabah Forestry Department and Yayasan Sabah (where appropriate). The basis of justification will be on: 

(i) Focussing on rhinos that are either living in sub-optimal habitats, isolated individuals, or individuals that are believed to be especially prone to poaching.  Details of on-the-ground operations with acknowledgement of terrain, chances of success and the economics of efforts should be used as additional supporting input to assist in decision-making;

(ii) The information available for each population or individual giving emphasis on the sex of individuals to make up the first 5 individuals to be placed in the BRS facility.

(B) To locate, capture and translocate isolated rhinos to BRS facility, on the basis of lessons learned from previous capture operations in Indonesia, Peninsular Malaysia and Sabah, combined with currently available technologies and professionally recommended protocols.  Locating, capturing and translocating rhinos will be done following the general protocols as outlined below:

(i) Locating the rhinos will be done in order to establish the common routes taken by the animals and to plan for the most strategic points for capture.  Among others, capture points should be planned to be within the shortest distance for transportation;

(ii) Precautions will be taken to give the best judgment on what types of traps to be used and the best practices of rhino handling once one is captured.  The aim must be to allow for the best conditions of the rhino and to reduce stress and possibility of injuries;

(iii) Details of means of translocation will be decided in the field although all plans must be in place before the capture. Animals might be transported using a barge, a truck or a helicopter depending on the conditions in the field;

(iv) Once translocated into the BRS facility, field operations of locating, capturing and transfer of the animals are completed and the rhinos will be under the care of the BRS.

6. Operation of BRS


(A) To ensure that the welfare of rhinos is prioritised at all times through:(i) Constant monitoring and active care of rhinos and their living conditions, by a qualified veterinarian dedicated to BRS;

(ii) Frequent liaison with, and assistance and advice where appropriate, from other Sumatran rhino experts;

(iii) Ensuring that all staff involved in care of rhinos brought into facilities in Tabin have some basic understanding of rhino welfare, and are provided with skills and confidence to proactively raise with their supervising officer any emerging rhino health, husbandry or protection issues;

(iv) Implementation of routine monitoring of key health parameters (e.g. rhino blood parasites, health of human carers);

(v) Paying attention to diet, ensuring that food plant species provided are clean and sufficiently varied;

(vi) Ensuring that adequate clean water supplies are available at all times to rhinos under human care.

(B) To ensure that all persons involved in BRS operate as a collaborative team with item 6. (A)as their common goal through:


(i) Good management of all aspects of BRS and its staff, by a BRS site manager working in close collaboration with the BRS veterinarian;

(ii) Ensuring that living conditions at Tabin are improved and maintained to a reasonable standard for all staff.

(C) To maximize successful rhino births and minimize rhino deaths, injury and disease through:


(i) Implementation of all elements of items 6(A) and 6(B);

(ii) Constant review of options for enhancing potential rhino breeding success, regarding BRS not as a “stand-alone” project but as a component of the entire Sabah and global Sumatran rhino population;

(iii) (Subject to any necessary approval by the BRS Technical and/or Steering Committee) recommend and implement any appropriate modification to the Sabah Rhino Action Plan, and/or BRS, and/or rhino husbandry protocols.


7. To establish funding needs and build sustainable funding mechanisms


(A) To establish funding needs of: 

(i) Rhino Protection Units

(ii) Borneo Rhino Sanctuary – infrastructure, staffing and operations

(iii) Locating, capturing and translocating of rhinos to BRS facility


(B) To prepare and finalize 3-year budget based on 7(A)


(C) To consolidate status of funding available for the above and identify areas of need


(D) To build a funding council consisting of strategic individuals/groups, focussed on creating and establishing sustainable funding mechanisms for short-term and long-term needs via:


(i) Partnerships with industry

(ii) Partnerships with NGOs

(iii) Fundraising events

(iv) State, national and international donors